[Federal Register: July 14, 2000 (Volume 65, Number 136)]
[Rules and Regulations]               
[Page 43717-43719]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr14jy00-21]                         

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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

48 CFR Parts 1804 and 1852

 
Security Requirements for Unclassified Information Technology 
Resources

AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

ACTION: Final Rule.

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SUMMARY: This final rule amends the NASA FAR Supplement (NFS) to: 
include a requirement for contractors and subcontractors working with 
NASA unclassified Information Technology Systems to take certain 
Information Technology (IT) security related actions; document those 
actions; and submit related reports to NASA.

EFFECTIVE DATE: July 14, 2000.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTRACT: Karl Beisel, NASA Headquarters (Code 
HC), Washington, DC, (202) 358-0416, email: Karl.Beisel@hq.nasa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:   

A. Background

    A proposed rule was published in the Federal Register on January 5, 
2000 (65 FR 429-431). Comments were received from two respondents, an 
industry association and the NASA Office of Inspector General (OIG). 
All comments were considered in the development of this final rule. 
This final rule includes changes for clarification of meaning, 
consistency of wording (and phrasing), and to eliminate informational 
redundancies within the clause as it references information in other 
related documents.
    This final rule requires NASA contractors and subcontractors to 
comply with the security requirements outlined in NASA Policy Directive 
(NPD) 2810.1, Security of Information Technology, and NASA Procedures 
and Guidelines (NPG) 2810.1, Security of Information Technology, and 
additional safeguarding requirements delineated in the contract clause. 
Currently, NASA contractors have no definitive contractual requirement 
to follow NASA directed policy in safeguarding unclassified NASA data 
held via information technology (computer systems). This final rule 
establishes these requirements in a contract clause. These policies 
apply to all IT systems and networks under NASA's purview operated by 
or on behalf of the Federal Government, regardless of location.

B. Regulatory Flexibility Act

    NASA certifies that this final rule will not have a significant 
economic impact on a substantial number of small entities within the 
meaning of the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. 601 et seq. The 
changes merely formalize standard procedures in using Government 
computer systems and databases. Small entities will not need to 
significantly revise internal procedures to satisfy the NFS changes.

C. Paperwork Reduction Act

    An Office of Management and Budget (OMB) approval for data 
collection has been approved under OMB Control No. 2700-0098.

[[Page 43718]]

List of Subjects in 48 CFR Parts 1804 and 1852.

    Government procurement.

Tom Luedtke,
Associate Administrator for Procurement.
    Accordingly, 48 CFR Parts 1804 and 1852 are amended as follows:
    1. The authority citation of 48 CFR Parts 1804 and 1852 continues 
to read as follows:

    Authority: 42 U.S.C. 2473(c)(1).

PART 1804--ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS

    2. Revise the title of section 1804.470 to read as follows:


1804.470  Security requirements for unclassified information technology 
resources.

    3. Revise sections 1804.470-2, 1804.470-3, and 1804.470-4 to read 
as follows:


1804.470-2  Policy.

    (a) NASA policies and procedures on security for automated 
information technology are prescribed in NPD 2810.1, Security of 
Information Technology, and in NPG 2810.1, Security of Information 
Technology. Security requirements for safeguarding sensitive 
information contained in unclassified Federal computer systems are 
required in the following:
    (1) All contracts for information technology resources or services. 
This includes, but is not limited to information technology hardware, 
software, and the management, operation, maintenance, programming, and 
system administration of information technology resources, to include 
computer systems, networks, and telecommunications systems.
    (2) Contracts under which contractor personnel must have physical 
or electronic access to NASA's sensitive information contained in 
unclassified systems or information technology services that directly 
support the mission of the agency.
    (b) The contractor must not use or redistribute any NASA 
information processed, stored, or transmitted by the contractor except 
as specified in the contract.


1804.470-3  Security plan for unclassified Federal Information 
Technology systems.

    (a) The contracting officer, with the concurrence of the requiring 
activity, the center Chief Information Officer (CIO), and the center 
Information Technology (IT) Security Manager, may require the 
contractor to submit for post-award Government approval, a detailed 
Security Plan for Unclassified Federal Information Technology Systems. 
The plan must be required as a contract data deliverable that must be 
subsequently incorporated into the contract as a compliance document 
after Government approval. The plan must demonstrate a thorough 
understanding of NPG 2810.1 and NPD 2810.1 and must include, as a 
minimum, the security measures and program safeguards planned to ensure 
that the information technology resources acquired and used by 
contractor and subcontractor personnel--
    (1) Are protected from unauthorized access, alteration, disclosure, 
or misuse of information processed, stored, or transmitted;
    (2) Can maintain the continuity of automated information support 
for NASA missions, programs, and functions;
    (3) Incorporate management, general, and application controls 
sufficient to provide cost-effective assurance of the systems' 
integrity and accuracy;
    (4) Have appropriate technical, personnel, administrative, 
environmental, and access safeguards;
    (5) Document and follow a virus protection program for all IT 
resources under its control; and
    (6) Document and follow a network intrusion detection and 
prevention program for all IT resources under its control.
    (b) The contractor must be required to develop and maintain IT 
System Security Plans, in accordance with NPG 2810.1, for systems for 
which the contractor has primary operational responsibility on behalf 
of NASA.


1804.470-4  Contract clauses.

    The contracting officer must insert the clause at 1852.204-76, 
Security Requirements for Unclassified Information Technology 
Resources, in solicitations and contracts involving unclassified 
information technology resources.

PART 1852--SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES

    3. Revise section 1852.204-76 to read as follows:


1852.204-76  Security Requirements for Unclassified Information 
Technology Resources.

    As prescribed in 1804.470-4, insert the following clause:

Security Requirements for Unclassified Information Technology Resources 
July, 2000

    (a) The Contractor shall comply with the security requirements 
outlined in NASA Policy Directive (NPD) 2810.1, Security of 
Information Technology, and NASA Procedures and Guidelines (NPG) 
2810.1, Security of Information Technology. These policies apply to 
all IT systems and networks under NASA's purview operated by or on 
behalf of the Federal Government, regardless of location.
    (b)(1) The Contractor shall ensure compliance by its employees 
with Federal directives and guidelines that deal with IT Security 
including, but not limited to, OMB Circular A-130, Management of 
Federal Information Resources, OMB Circular A-130 Appendix III, 
Security of Federal Automated Information Resources, the Computer 
Security Act of 1987 (40 U.S.C. 1441 et seq.), and all applicable 
Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS).
    (2) All Federally owned information is considered sensitive to 
some degree and must be appropriately protected by the Contractor as 
specified in applicable IT Security Plans. Types of sensitive 
information that may be found on NASA systems that the Contractor 
may have access to include, but are not limited to--
    (i) Privacy Act information (5 U.S.C. 552a et seq.);
    (ii) Export Controlled Data, (e.g. Resources protected by the 
International Traffic in Arms Regulations (22 CFR Parts 120-130)).
    (3) The Contractor shall ensure that all systems connected to a 
NASA network or operated by the Contractor for NASA conform with 
NASA and Center security policies and procedures.
    (c)(1) The Contractor's screening of Contractor personnel will 
be conducted in accordance with NPG 2810.1, Section 4.5 for 
personnel requiring unescorted or unsupervised physical or 
electronic access to NASA systems, programs, and data.
    (2) The Contractor shall ensure that all such employees have at 
least a National Agency Check investigation. The Contractor shall 
submit a personnel security questionnaire (NASA Form 531), Name 
Check Request for National Agency Check (NAC) investigation, and 
Standard Form 85P, Questionnaire for Public Trust Positions (for 
specified sensitive positions), and a Fingerprint Card (FD-258 with 
NASA overprint in Origin Block) to the Center Chief of Security for 
each Contractor employee requiring screening. The required forms may 
be obtained from the Center Chief of Security. In the event that the 
NAC is not satisfactory, access shall not be granted. At the option 
of the Government, background screenings may not be required for 
employees with recent or current Federal Government investigative 
clearances.
    (3) The Contractor shall have an employee checkout process that 
ensures--
    (i) Return of badges, keys, electronic access devices and NASA 
equipment;
    (ii) Notification to NASA of planned employee terminations at 
least three days in advance of the employee's departure. In the case 
of termination for cause, NASA shall be notified immediately. All 
NASA accounts and/or network access granted terminated employees 
shall be disabled immediately upon the employee's separation from 
the Contractor; and
    (iii) That the terminated employee has no continuing access to

[[Page 43719]]

systems under the operation of the Contractor for NASA. Any access 
must be disabled the day the employee separates from the Contractor.
    (4) Granting a non-permanent resident alien (foreign national) 
access to NASA IT resources requires special authorization. The 
Contractor shall obtain authorization from the Center Chief of 
Security prior to granting a non-permanent resident alien access to 
NASA IT systems and networks.
    (d)(1) The Contractor shall ensure that its employees with 
access to NASA information resources receive annual IT security 
awareness and training in NASA IT Security policies, procedures, 
computer ethics, and best practices.
    (2) The Contractor shall employ an effective method for 
communicating to all its employees and assessing that they 
understand any Information Technology Security policies and guidance 
provided by the Center Information Technology Security Manager 
(CITSM) and/or Center CIO Representative as part of the new employee 
briefing process. The Contractor shall ensure that all employees 
represent that they have read and understand any new Information 
Technology Security policy and guidance provided by the CITSM and 
Center CIO Representative over the duration of the contract.
    (3) The Contractor shall ensure that its employees performing 
duties as system and network administrators in addition to 
performing routine maintenance possess specific IT security skills. 
These skills include the following:
    (i) Utilizing software security tools.
    (ii) Analyzing logging and audit data.
    (iii) Responding and reporting to computer or network incidents 
as per NPG 2810.1.
    (iv) Preserving electronic evidence as per NPG 2810.1.
    (v) Recovering to a safe state of operation.
    (4) The Contractor shall provide training to employees to whom 
they plan to assign system administrator roles. That training shall 
provide the employees with a full level of proficiency to meet all 
NASA system administrators' functional requirements. The Contractor 
shall have methods or processes to document that employees have 
mastered the training material, or have the required knowledge and 
skills. This applies to all system administrator requirements.
    (e) The Contractor shall promptly report to the Center IT 
Security Manager any suspected computer or network security 
incidents occurring on any system operated by the Contractor for 
NASA or connected to a NASA network. If it is validated that there 
is an incident, the Contractor shall provide access to the affected 
system(s) and system records to NASA and any NASA designated third 
party so that a detailed investigation can be conducted.
    (f) The Contractor shall develop procedures and implementation 
plans that ensure that IT resources leaving the control of an 
assigned user (such as being reassigned, repaired, replaced, or 
excessed) have all NASA data and sensitive application software 
permanently removed by a NASA-approved technique. NASA-owned 
applications acquired via a ``site license'' or ``server license'' 
shall be removed prior to the resources leaving NASA's use. Damaged 
IT storage media for which data recovery is not possible shall be 
degaussed or destroyed. If the assigned task is to be assumed by 
another duly authorized person, at the Government's option, the IT 
resources may remain intact for assignment and use of the new user.
    (g) The Contractor shall afford NASA, including the Office of 
Inspector General, access to the Contractor's and subcontractor's 
facilities, installations, operations, documentation, databases and 
personnel. Access shall be provided to the extent required to carry 
out a program of IT inspection, investigation and audit to safeguard 
against threats and hazards to the integrity, availability and 
confidentiality of NASA data, and to preserve evidence of computer 
crime.
    (h)(1) The Contractor shall document all vulnerability testing 
and risk assessments conducted in accordance with NPG 2810.1 and any 
other IT security requirements specified in the contract or as 
directed by the Contracting Officer.
    (2) The results of these tests shall be provided to the Center 
IT Security Manager. Any Contractor system(s) connected to a NASA 
network or operated by the Contractor for NASA may be subject to 
vulnerability assessment or penetration testing as part of the 
Center's IT security compliance assessment and the Contractor shall 
be required to assist in the completion of these activities.
    (3) A decision to accept any residual risk shall be the 
responsibility of NASA. The Contractor shall notify the NASA system 
owner and the NASA data owner within 5 working days if new or 
unanticipated threats or hazards are discovered by the Contractor, 
made known to the Contractor, or if existing safeguards fail to 
function effectively. The Contractor shall make appropriate risk 
reduction recommendations to the NASA system owner and/or the NASA 
data owner and document the risk or modifications in the IT Security 
Plan.
    (i) The Contractor shall develop a procedure to accomplish the 
recording and tracking of IT System Security Plans, including 
updates, and IT system penetration and vulnerability tests for all 
NASA systems under its control or for systems outsourced to them to 
be managed on behalf of NASA. The Contractor must report the results 
of these actions directly to the Center IT Security Manager.
    (j) When directed by the Contracting Officer, the Contractor 
shall submit for NASA approval a post-award security implementation 
plan outlining how the Contractor intends to meet the requirements 
of NPG 2810.1. The plan shall subsequently be incorporated into the 
contract as a compliance document after receiving Government 
approval. The plan shall demonstrate thorough understanding of NPG 
2810.1 and shall include as a minimum, the security measures and 
program safeguards to ensure that IT resources acquired and used by 
Contractor and subcontractor personnel--
    (1) Are protected from unauthorized access, alteration, 
disclosure, or misuse of information processed, stored, or 
transmitted;
    (2) Can maintain the continuity of automated information support 
for NASA missions, programs, and functions;
    (3) Incorporate management, general, and application controls 
sufficient to provide cost-effective assurance of the systems' 
integrity and accuracy;
    (4) Have appropriate technical, personnel, administrative, 
environmental, and access safeguards;
    (5) Document and follow a virus protection program for all IT 
resources under its control; and
    (6) Document and follow a network intrusion prevention program 
for all IT resources under its control.
    (k) Prior to selecting any IT security solution, the Contractor 
shall consult with their Center IT Security Manager to ensure 
interoperability and compatibility with other systems with which 
there is a data or system interface requirement.
    (l) The Contractor shall comply with all Federal and NASA 
encryption requirements for NASA flight programs (e.g., secure 
flight termination systems, encryption for satellite uplinks, 
encryption for flight and satellite command and control for both up 
and down link) and involve the Center Communications Security 
(COMSEC) Manager when selecting encryption solutions.
    (m) The Contractor shall incorporate this clause in all 
subcontracts where the requirements identified in this clause are 
applicable to the performance of the subcontract.

(End of clause)
[FR Doc. 00-17881 Filed 7-13-00; 8:45 am]
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