TITLE:  International Resources Group, B-286663, January 31, 2001
BNUMBER:  B-286663
DATE:  January 31, 2001
International Resources Group, B-286663, January 31, 2001


Matter of: International Resources Group

File: B-286663

Date: January 31, 2001

John S. Pachter, Esq., Jonathan D. Shaffer, Esq., Jennifer A. Mahar,
Esq.,and Nils R. Kessler, Esq., Smith, Pachter, McWhorter g D'Ambrosio, for
the protester.

Jessica C. Abrahams, Esq., and Lorenzo F. Exposito, Esq., Powell, Goldstein,
Frazer & Murphy, for PA Consulting Group, an intervenor.

Kevin F. O'Donnell, Esq., Agency for International Development, for the

Jennifer D. Westfall-McGrail, Esq., and Christine S. Melody, Esq., Office of
the General Counsel, GAO, participated in the preparation of the decision.


  1. For purposes of Federal Acquisition Regulation sect. 15.505(a)(1), which
     provides that an offeror may request a preaward debriefing by
     submitting a written request for debriefing to the contracting officer
     within 3 days after receipt of the notice of exclusion from the
     competition, where e-mail notification of an offeror's exclusion from
     the competitive range enters the offeror's computer system after close
     of business or on a weekend or holiday and is not opened before the
     following business day, receipt of the notice is considered to have
     occurred on that business day.

2. Agency improperly reopened discussions with only one of several offerors
in the competitive range after receipt of final revised proposals.


International Resources Group (IRG) protests the rejection of its proposal
and the award of a contract to Hagler Bailly Services, Inc. (HBS) [1] under
request for proposals No. OEEI1284-00-003, issued by the Agency for
International Development (AID) for technical assistance and training to
improve the management of natural resources, especially water and energy, in
the Central Asian Republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, and
Uzbekistan. The protester contends that the agency misled it during
discussions and engaged in improper discussions with HBS.

We sustain the protest.

The RFP, which was issued on March 31, 2000, contemplated the award of
either a cost-plus-award-fee or cost-sharing contract for a base period of 3
years and an option period of another 2 years. RFP sect.sect. B.2, L.4. The
solicitation provided for award to the offeror whose proposal represented
the best value to the government, with technical aspects of the proposal of
significantly greater importance in the determination than cost. RFP sect. M.1.
Technical evaluation factors, listed in order of their significance, were as

  1. Qualifications of personnel
  2. Managerial Capacity
  3. Proposed Performance Benchmarks/Results
  4. Technical approach and methodology
  5. Past performance

The RFP provided that offerors would be free to present their own plans for
staffing the contract, but furnished an illustrative staffing pattern as
guidance. RFP sect. F.5. The illustrative staffing pattern consisted of a
management cluster and three technical clusters: training/partnerships,
energy, and water and environment. Significant positions to be filled within
the management cluster were Chief of Party (COP), Deputy COP, and
Financial/Contracting Officer. The RFP required that the above three
individuals and the leaders of the three technical clusters be resident in
the Central Asian Republics. Id.

Seven offerors submitted proposals prior to the May 31 closing date. A
technical evaluation committee (TEC) reviewed and scored the offerors'
technical proposals; upon review of the TEC's findings and proposed costs,
the contracting officer determined that the three proposals with the highest
technical scores--i.e., those of HBS [deleted], IRG [deleted], and Offeror A
[deleted]--should be included in the competitive range. Proposed costs for
the three offerors included in the competitive range were as follows:
[deleted]. The contracting officer conducted discussions with the three
offerors via e-mail and instructed each to submit a final revised proposal.

After receipt of HBS's and IRG's final revised proposals (but prior to
receipt of Offeror A's), [2] the contracting officer notified the offerors
in the competitive range (again, via e-mail) that two of the tasks called
for under the original RFP had been deleted and that the budget ceiling for
the 3-year base period had been reduced to $17.9 million. IRG and HBS were
given until July 27 to submit revised proposals based on the reduced
requirements. Both responded with lower-cost proposals; HBS now proposed
costs for the base period as [deleted], while IRG proposed costs of

In early August, the TEC reconvened to evaluate the revised proposals.
[Deleted] Memorandum of Negotiation at 19; Memo for Post-Award Debriefing of
IRG at 2.

The evaluators [deleted], noting that the original proposal had been strong
and that "the offeror wisely did not tamper significantly with it."
Memorandum of Negotiation at 18. The TEC found the HBS proposal to be the
superior offer from a technical perspective and in line for award, but since
the proposal was "not without its weaknesses and uncertainties," it
recommended that the contracting officer conduct further negotiations with
HBS. Id. at 20-21.

The contracting officer proceeded to engage in a series of communications
with HBS. By e-mail of August 8, the contracting officer furnished HBS with
a list of technical and cost comments regarding its proposal and instructed
the offeror to take them into careful consideration in crafting a response,
which was due on August 16. [Deleted] [3]

On August 10, while communications with HBS were underway, IRG contacted the
contracting officer for information regarding the approximate date on which
the agency expected to make an award decision. By e-mail of August 12, the
contracting officer responded that he and the evaluators were "taking time
to consider the revised offers, including IRG's," and that they hoped to
wrap things up within the next week to 10 days. In other words, according to
the contracting officer, IRG was still under consideration for award--i.e.,
was still in the competitive range--as of August 12. On September 1, [4] IRG
again contacted the contracting officer, inquiring as to the status of
award. Later the same day, the contracting officer notified IRG that it had
been excluded from the competitive range.

By e-mail dated September 7, IRG requested a debriefing. On September 20,
having received no response from the agency, IRG reiterated its request.
Award to HBS was made on September 26. On October 6, the agency notified the
protester that it would furnish a post-award debriefing on October 12. The
debriefing was held on October 12, and IRG protested to our Office on
October 23.

As a preliminary matter, the intervenor, PA Consulting Group (which, as
noted above, acquired HBS after award of the contract here), argues that
IRG's complaint regarding the discussions conducted with HBS should be
dismissed as untimely because it was not filed within 10 days after the
protester learned of its basis for protest. PA contends that IRG clearly
knew of this basis for protest by September 1, [5] but did not file its
protest until October 23. PA acknowledges that our Bid Protest Regulations
provide for an exception to the requirement that a protest be filed not
later than 10 days after the basis of protest is, or should have been, known
where the protest challenges a procurement conducted on the basis of
competitive proposals under which a debriefing is requested and, when
requested, is required, 4 C.F.R. sect. 21.2(a)(2) (2000), but argues that the
debriefing here was not required because it was not requested in a timely
manner. PA notes that in order for a request for a pre-award debriefing to
be timely, it must be made "within 3 days after receipt of the notice of
exclusion from the competitive range." FAR sect. 15.505(a)(1). PA contends that
IRG's request for a pre-award debriefing was untimely because it was not
filed until September 7, 6 days after IRG received notice of its exclusion
from the competitive range on September 1.

Although the e-mail message notifying IRG of its exclusion from the
competitive range was apparently sent by the agency shortly before midnight
(Washington, D.C. time) on September 1, it did not enter IRG's computer
system until approximately 12:16 a.m. on Saturday, September 2, Declaration
of IRG's Vice President para. 5, and was not opened by the recipient until the
following business day, Tuesday, September 5. [6] Supplemental Declaration
of IRG's Vice President para. 4. Where an e-mail notification of exclusion from
the competitive range enters an offeror's computer system after close of
business on a weekday or on a weekend or holiday and is not opened before
the following business day, we think that for purposes of FAR sect.15.505(a)(1),
receipt of the notice should be considered to have occurred on that business
day. [7] To construe receipt of an e-mail notification as occurring when the
notification enters the offeror's computer system, even when the entry
occurs outside of normal business hours, would lead to a reduction of the
3-day period for requesting a debriefing granted by the FAR to a single day
when the notification is transmitted after close of business on Friday or on
Saturday of a weekend followed by a Monday holiday. Accordingly, we find
that IRG's request for a preaward debriefing here, which was filed within 3
days after IRG received notice of its exclusion from the competitive range
on September 5, was timely.

The protester argues that it was improper for the agency to engage in
further discussions with, and request additional proposal revisions from,
HBS while failing to afford other offerors in the competitive range the same
opportunity. As explained below, we agree. [8]

If a procuring agency holds discussions with one offeror, it must hold
discussions with all offerors whose proposals are in the competitive range.
FAR sect. 15.306(d)(1); Charleston Marine Containers, Inc., B-283393, Nov. 8,
1999, 99-2 CPD para. 84 at 6; Strategic Analysis, Inc., B-270075, B-270075.4,
Feb. 5, 1996, 96-1 CPD para. 41 at 4. Similarly, if discussions are reopened
with one offeror after receipt of final revised proposals, they must be
reopened with all offerors in the competitive range. Patriot Contract
Servs., LLC et al., B-278276 et al., Sept. 22, 1998, 98-2 CPD para. 77 at 5 n.3.
Discussions occur when an offeror is given the opportunity to revise or
modify its proposal, or when information requested from and provided by an
offeror is essential for determining the acceptability of its proposal. FAR
sect. 15.306(d); J. A. Jones/ IBC Joint Venture; Black Constr. Co., B-285627.2,
Sept. 18, 2000, 2000 CPD para. 161 at 5.

Here, we find that the communications between AID and HBS after final
revised proposals were requested from other offerors in the competitive
range constituted discussions because HBS was given the opportunity to, and
did, revise its proposal. [Deleted] The communications between HBS and the
agency which resulted in these changes to HBS's proposal thus constituted
discussions, and since offerors other than HBS remained in the competitive
range at the time these discussions were conducted, the agency violated its
duty to reopen discussions with these offerors as well.

IRG was prejudiced by AID's actions because it is possible that IRG's
proposal could have been improved enough through further discussions to
become the best value offer. In this regard, where we find an impropriety in
the conduct of discussions, we will resolve any doubts concerning the
prejudicial effect of the agency's actions in favor of the protester; a
reasonable possibility of prejudice is a sufficient basis for sustaining the
protest. National Med. Staffing, Inc., B-259402, B-259402.2, Mar. 24, 1995,
95-1 CPD para. 163 at 4. For example, one of the principal weaknesses in IRG's
proposal cited by the agency in its debriefing memorandum was the [deleted].
The protester maintains that had it been informed that the agency viewed
this approach to staffing as a weakness, it [deleted]. Protester's Comments,
Dec. 6, 2000, at 22. A second principal weakness in IRG's proposal cited by
the evaluators was its [deleted]. This also appears to be a weakness that
the protester could have remedied had it been given the opportunity.

We recommend that the agency reopen discussions with all of the offerors who
remained in the competitive range at the time AID engaged in additional
discussions with HBS during mid-August and that it request another round of
final revised proposals. [9] If, after evaluation of the revised proposals,
the agency determines that the proposal of an offeror other than HBS
represents the best value to the government, we recommend that AID terminate
the contract awarded to HBS and make award to the offeror whose proposal
represents the best value. We also recommend that the agency reimburse the
protester for its costs of filing and pursuing the protest, including
attorneys' fees. Bid Protest Regulations, 4 C.F.R.
sect. 21.8(d)(1) (2000). In accordance with section 21.8(f) of our Regulations,
IRG's certified claim for such costs, detailing the time expended and the
costs incurred, must be submitted directly to the agency within 60 days
after receipt of the decision.

The protest is sustained.

Anthony H. Gamboa

Acting General Counsel


1. Subsequent to award of the contract, HBS was acquired by PA Consulting

2. The offerors were not given a common deadline for submission of revised
proposals, apparently because they were not furnished with their discussion
questions on the same date. IRG's final revised proposal was due on July 12;
HBS's on July 13; and Offeror A's on July 26. The assignment of differing
deadlines for the submission of final proposal revisions is contrary to
Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) sect.15.307(b), which requires the
contracting officer to establish a common cut-off date for receipt of final
proposal revisions. Because discussions were reopened and another round of
final revised proposals requested, there is no evidence that IRG was
prejudiced by this violation, however.

3. Other communications with HBS after receipt of the July 27 final revised
proposals but prior to IRG's exclusion from the competitive range, as
summarized by the agency in its report, included the following:

July 29--Contracting officer asks HBS to clarify certain assumptions in the
alternative proposal that it submitted on July 27. (In response to the
reduced scope of work, HBS had submitted both a primary and an alternate
proposal, as permitted by sect. L.6(b) of the RFP).

August 22--Contracting officer seeks further clarification and asks HBS to
consider withdrawing its alternate offer.

August 29--HBS submits [deleted] proposal based on its primary proposal.

Sept. 1--Contracting officer furnishes HBS further comments on [deleted].

Sept. 6--HBS responds [deleted].

Sept. 13--Following additional communications, HBS revises [deleted].

Sept. 15--HBS submits [deleted].

Since, as discussed below, we find that the communications between HBS and
the agency on August 8 and 15 constituted discussions, we need not address
whether these other exchanges also constituted discussions.

4. There is confusion regarding the dates on which various e-mails
pertaining to this protest were sent and received. For example, the records
furnished to us by the agency indicate that IRG sent its message inquiring
as to the award status to the contracting officer in Kazakhstan at 3:39 a.m.
on September 2 and that the contracting officer sent a return message at
11:31 p.m. on September 1, a time sequence which does not make sense. We
assume that the explanation for the incongruity is that Kazakhstan is in a
time zone 11 hours ahead of Washington, D.C., where IRG is located, and that
the time and date of the message is expressed in terms of the local time at
the receiving end. In other words, IRG sent its message to the contracting
officer at 4:39 p.m. Washington time on September 1, which was 3:39 a.m. on
September 2 in Kazakhstan, the time and date shown on the agency's copy of
the e-mail. Although the contracting officer received and responded to the
message on September 2 Kazakhstan time, it was still September 1 in
Washington when he sent his response back.

5. PA cites as evidence that IRG was aware of its basis for protest on
September 1 IRG's statement on pages 3-4 of its protest that in its e-mail
to the contracting officer on September 1, "IRG informed AID that . . .
Hagler personnel indicated Hagler was responding to AID requests on almost a
daily basis."

6. Monday, September 4 was the Labor Day holiday.

7. We would consider the message received on that business day, however,
even if it were not actually read until later.

8. Since the agency maintains that the contracting officer did not eliminate
IRG from the competitive range until early September--see, e.g., Agency
Report at 12 ("the Agency thus believes it acted reasonably and within
established precedent in narrowing the competitive range to one in
September--by which time discussions with HBS had clearly gone well and it
would have been to no purpose to continue including IRG in the
competition")--we need not consider whether the contracting officer could
reasonably have determined to exclude the protester from the competitive
range at an earlier point.

9. Because we are sustaining the protest on this basis and recommending that
the agency reopen discussions, we need not address the protester's argument
that the agency misled it during the previously conducted discussions.